IPv6 Information and Security Issues
Internet Protocol IP version 6 (IPv6) was developed to address the growing depletion of IP version 4 addresses (IPv4). IPv6 also provides richer feature set and better security than IPv4. However, the adoption of the new protocol in organizations has been slowed down by inherent security issues. The transition from IPv4 to IPv6 is faced with many security challenges as well. These issues threaten the mainstream adoption of the protocol. The paper seeks to explore the security issues of IPv6 and the research community’s response to those challenges.
The rapid adoption of the Internet in the global economy has resulted in a rapid exhaustion of IP addresses. Also contribution to this exhaustion of the IP addresses is the range of devices that are now using the Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) suite for communication. These devices include cell phones, home appliances, wireless gadgets, vehicles, and gaming devices. There is many developing countries and China who report that lack of adequate IP addresses is hampering their development. Other concerns with IPv4 are that its configuration nature is leading to problem where router table entries were getting too large, and that the protocol has limited security. In response to the growing need for more IP addresses the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) established IP version 6 (IPv6) to provide a bigger address space.